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The evolution of conspicuous facultative mimicry in octopuses: an example of secondary adaptation?1595444415
Author(s): CHRISTINE L. HUFFARD, NORAH SAARMAN, HEALY HAMILTON and W. BRIAN SIMISON
Tags:
Description: The ‘Mimic Octopus’ Thaumoctopus mimicus Norman & Hochberg, 2005 exhibits a conspicuous primary defence mechanism (high-contrast colour pattern during ‘flatfish swimming’) that may involve facultative imperfect mimicry of conspicuous and/or inconspicuous models, both toxic and non-toxic (Soleidae and Bothidae). Here, we examine relationships between behavioural and morphological elements of conspicuous flatfish swimming in extant octopodids (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae), and reconstructed ancestral states, to examine potential influences on the evolution of this rare defence mechanism. We address the order of trait distribution to explore whether conspicuous flatfish swimming may be an exaptation that usurps a previously evolved form of locomotion for a new purpose. Contrary to our predictions, based on the relationships we examined, flatfish swimming appears to have evolved concurrently with extremely long arms, in a clade of sand-dwelling species. The conspicuous body colour pattern displayed by swimming T. mimicus may represent a secondary adaptation potentially allowing for mimicry of a toxic sole, improved disruptive coloration, and/or aposematic coloration. © 2010 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2010, 101, 68–77

1.5 MiB
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Walking, swimming or hitching a ride? Phylogenetics and biogeography of the walking shark genus Hemiscyllium1579844447
Author(s): Bird's Head Seascape
Tags: epaulette shark, eastern Indonesia, Australia, New Guinea, radiation, Sahul region.
Description: It can be challenging to identify the forces that drive speciation in marine environments for organisms that are capable of widespread dispersal because their contemporary distributions often belie the historical processes that were responsible for their initial diversification. In this contribution we explore the likely sequence of events responsible for the radiation of walking sharks in the genus Hemiscyllium using a dated molecular phylogeny. The nine currently recognised species in the genus consist of small, benthic sharks that are restricted to the Indo-Australian Archipelago and show limited dispersal at both juvenile and adult stages. We discuss how major tectonic changes, sea level fluctuations and the unique biology of the species may have influenced speciation in the group, as well as the current distribution of the genus and each of its constituent species. Phylogeographic analysis of the genus combined with biogeographic reconstruction of the region shows a recent radiation during the Miocene and Pliocene, and supports a combination of vicariance and founder modes of speciation mediated by major tectonic, geological and oceanographic historical processes.

0.7 MiB
64
(Supplementary material) Walking, swimming or hitching a ride? Phylogenetics and biogeography of the walking shark genus Hemiscyllium1579844354
Author(s): Bird's Head Seascape
Tags:
Description: Supplementary material
Walking, swimming or hitching a ride? Phylogenetics and biogeography of the walking shark genus Hemiscyllium

0.2 MiB
56
Sueviota Minersorum, a new species of sponge-dwelling goby (Teleostei: Gobiidae) from Misool, Raja Ampat Islands, Indonesia1572376767
Author(s): David W. Greenfield, Mark V. Erdmann, Ilham Vermandra Utama
Tags: taxonomy, coral reef fishes, ichthyology, systematics, Indo-Pacific Ocean, sponge, dwarfgoby, Eviota
Description: A new gobiid species, Sueviota minersorum, is described from 4 specimens, 17.9–23.2 mm SL, collected from inside Theonella tube sponges at 20–22 m depth. The new species has a dorsal/anal-fin ray count of 9/8 and 17 or 18 pectoral-fin rays, all unbranched, and 27 or 28 lateral scales. It furthermore has a basal membrane fully joining the two branched fifth pelvic-fin rays, a character shared with 4 congeners: Sueviota bryozophila, S. lachneri, S. larsonae, and S. tubicola. Sueviota minersorum is most similar to S. lachneri, but differs in having a stocky body with a deep caudal peduncle, not tapering from the mid-body, and in color patterns. It differs from S. bryozophila in having all pelvic-fin rays branched (vs. unbranched), having a single AITO pore (vs. paired AITO pores), PITO and NA pores (vs. absent), and in color patterns. It differs from S. larsonae and S. tubicola by the absence of a frenum (vs. present) and in color patterns.

2.6 MiB
145
Atlas of benthic foraminifera from coral reefs of the Raja Ampat Archipelago1568156293
Author(s): Meena Förderer and Martin R. Langer
Tags:
Description: Raja Ampat (Indonesia) is a remote archipelago west of Papua mainland and situated at the eastern edge of the Coral Tri- angle. The archipelago is considered one of the species-richest and most pristine localities and home to the world’s most diverse coral reefs. For centuries, reefs of Raja Ampat have enjoyed natural protection and remained largely untouched due to their isolated location. The region represents a key area for evaluating richness and biogeographic patterns of tropical shallow-water organisms, yet the foraminiferal fauna of Raja Ampat is virtually unexplored.
Benthic foraminifera are an integral part of the reef fauna, prolific carbonate producers and essential for reefal accretion and sub- strate stability. Previous studies on Indo-Pacific benthic reef foraminifera indicate that diversity is highest in the Central Indo-Pacific and broadly correlates with diversity patterns of other tropical marine taxa.
This report presents the first illustrated catalog and comprehensive analysis of the structure, composition, and diversity of the spe- cies-rich benthic foraminiferal biotas of the Raja Ampat Archipelago including an assessment of local reef vitality with the Foram- inifera in Reef Assessment and Monitoring (FoRAM) Index.

47.2 MiB
77
Patterns of species richness and the center of diversity in modern Indo- Pacific larger foraminifera1566602303
Author(s): Meena Förderer, Dennis Rödder & Martin R. Langer
Tags:
Description: Symbiont-bearing Larger Benthic Foraminifera (LBF) are ubiquitous components of shallow tropical and subtropical environments and contribute substantially to carbonaceous reef and shelf sediments. Climate change is dramatically affecting carbonate producing organisms and threatens the diversity and structural integrity of coral reef ecosystems. Recent invertebrate and vertebrate surveys have identified the Coral Triangle as the planet’s richest center of marine life delineating the region as a
top priority for conservation. We compiled and analyzed....

1.9 MiB
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Beale Et Al-2019-Diversity And Distributions1562360435
Author(s): Calvin S. Beale, Joshua D. Stewart, Edy Setyawan, Abraham B. Sianipar, Mark V. Erdmann
Tags: Manta Ray, Oceanic Manta Ray
Description: Our aim was to collect sightings data on oceanic manta rays (Mobula birostris)
within the Raja Ampat Archipelago to better understand their population dynamics
within the region. These data were compared with environmental variables to
seek correlates that may explain any variations in observed sightings frequency.
Combined, it is hoped this knowledge will be used to aid effective management of
this species in the region.

1.4 MiB
197
Using wildlife for local livelihood – Experiences from the Bird’s Head Peninsula, West Papua, Indonesia1561050495
Author(s): FREDDY PATTISELANNO, JOHN R. M. APITULEY, AGUSTINA Y. S. AROBAYA, JOHAN F. KOIBUR1
Tags:
Description: Wildlife products are valuable commodities, and wild meat is considered as premium value because it has a high value per unit weight compared with other forest products Wildlife products are commonly used for consumption purpose, generating household income and cultural reasons. Because cultural values differ among ethnic groups, it is important to understand how wildlife contributes to local livelihoods in different areas of the Bird’s Head Peninsula.

0.4 MiB
101
Coral Biodiversity Assessment Dampier Strait1560801150
Author(s): YUANIKE, FREDINAN YULIANDA, DIETRIECH G. BENGEN, ROKHMIN DAHURI, JEMMY SOUHOKA
Tags:
Description: The waters of Indonesia are home to a very rich biodiversity of corals and reef fish with high economic value. The waters of West Papua’s Bird’s Head Seascape have the highest biodiversity compared with all other areas in Indonesia. Dampier Straits Marine Protected Area has an area of 366.000 hectares and is located among the Raja Ampat marine protected areas.
Hard coral dominates coral reef ecosystems and has important functions and interactions in communities of marine biota. The structure and diversity of hard coral communities is very important to quantify, especially for the management of coral reef ecosystems. The purpose of this research is to identify the diversity of hard coral types, and quantify the condition of hard coral and their distributions in 10 marine stations in Dampier Straits Marine Protected Areas, Raja Ampat.

0.7 MiB
95
Pseudochromis Stellatus1554753592
Author(s): Anthony C. Gill, Gerald R. Allen, Mark V. Erdmann
Tags:
Description: The Pseudochromis reticulatus complex is diagnosed to include species of Pseudochromis with the combination of a pointed caudal fin (rounded with middle rays produced), a reticulated colour pattern on the upper part of the body, dorsalfin rays modally III,26, anal-fin rays modally III,15, and pectoral-fin rays modally 18. Members of the complex include P. reticulatus Gill & Woodland, P. pictus Gill & Randall, P. tonozukai Gill & Allen, P. jace Allen, Gill & Erdmann and P. stellatus new species. The last-named is herein described from six specimens from Batanta and Batu Hitam in the Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua, Indonesia. It is distinguished from other members of the complex in live coloration, and in having higher mean numbers of scales in lateral series and of anterior lateral-line scales (36–38 and 29–32, respectively), and a deeper body as measured from the dorsal-fin origin to pelvic-fin origin (31.8–33.5 % SL).

0.6 MiB
175
Eviota Gunawanae1554753236
Author(s): David W Greenfield, Luke Tornabene, Mark V. Erdmann, Defy N. Pada
Tags:
Description: A new species of dwarfgoby, Eviota gunawanae, with a cephalic sensory-canal pore pattern lacking only the IT and NA pores and with the AITO pore positioned far forward and opening anteriorly, is described from the Fakfak Peninsula in the Bird’s Head Seascape of western New Guinea, West Papua Province, Indonesia. It has a dorsal/ anal-fin-ray formula of 8/7, 16 unbranched pectoral-fin rays, the fifth pelvic-fin ray present, very long anterior tubular nares, a distinctive double black spot at the caudal-fin base, and no narrow horizontal line of melanophores crossing the pectoral-fin base. In life, it has a maroon stripe down the midline of the body, with elongate white spots above it posteriorly and two white lines over the abdomen. E. gunawanae is most closely related to E. tetha. The new species appears to represent the eighth known microendemic fish species from this remote reef location in West Papua, highlighting the biodiversity conservation importance of the Fakfak Peninsula’s reefs.

2.4 MiB
284
Yuanike Et Al 2019 Dampier Hard Corals1554752237
Author(s): Yuanike, Fredinan Yulianda, Dietriech G. Bengen, Rokhmin Dahuri, Jemmy Souhoka
Tags:
Description: Hard coral dominates coral reef ecosystems and has important functions and interactions in communities of marine biota. The structure and diversity of hard coral communities is very important to quantify, especially for the management of coral reef ecosystems. The purpose of this research is to identify the diversity of hard coral types, and quantify the condition of hard coral and their distributions in 10 marine stations in Dampier Straits Marine Protected Areas, Raja Ampat. The research method used was line intercept transects measured at two depths, 3 m and 6 m. The results showed there were 141 hard coral species included in 16 families. The percentage live cover of hard coral was in good conditions with an overall average coverage value of 64,24%. The biodiversity index (H) ranged from 0,84-1,23, the evenness index of species ranged from 0,73-0,94, and the species dominance index ranged from 0,05-0,25, indicating a high biodiversity and a lack of dominance by a single species. Although cover was slightly higher at 3m depth, diversity was slightly higher at 6m depth. In general, the 10 research stations in Dampier Straits has hard coral in good condition and the diversity of hard coral species is very productive and has stable growth compared with other sites in Indonesia.

0.5 MiB
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Two new species of blue-eyed Trimma (Pisces; Gobiidae) from New Guinea1550521483
Author(s): Richard Winterbottom and Mark Erdmann
Tags:
Description: Two new species of Trimma are described from New Guinea, one at the southeastern end at Normanby Island (Milne Bay Province), the other from Cendrawasih Bay, West Papua, on the north-east coast. The dorsal surface of the eye of both species is blue in life, a characteristic not reported elsewhere in the genus. Although the two species look very similar in life, and both occupy similar mesophotic rubble habitats in the 50-70 m depth range, they are separated both genetically (7.7% pairwise genetic distance in COI) and morphologically. Trimma blematium has 16 pectoral fin rays, a branched 5th pelvic fin ray, and 7 papillae in row p, whereas T. meityae has 17–18 pectoral fin rays, an unbranched 5th pelvic fin ray,
and 8 papillae in row p. In live specimens, the blue colour over the top of the eyes is much darker in T. blematium than in T. meityae. The type localities are separated by almost 2,000 km (straight-line distance).

5.4 MiB
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A new species of Trimma (Teleostei: Gobidae) from Indonesia and Timor Leste1550520736
Author(s): Richard Winterbottom, Mark Erdmann, Ronald Mambrasar
Tags:
Description: A new species of gobiid fish, Trimma putrai, is described from 4 localities in Indonesia and Timor-Leste (Bali, Flores, Raja Ampat Islands, as well as Atauro Island in Timor-Leste). It shares a combination of features with three other species: scales present on the predorsal midline and upper opercle; no scales on the cheek; the second spine of the first dorsal fin elongate and reaching beyond the origin of the second dorsal fin when adpressed; at least some branched pectoral-fin rays; a branched fifth pelvic-fin ray; and the absence of deep narrow trenches
between and behind the eyes. It differs from the three species primarily in color pattern, having yellow, orange, or red bars on the cheek and yellow-to-red spots on the anterior body that lack discrete dark centers.

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326
Chrysiptera uswanasi1543602884
Author(s): Gerald R. Allen, Mark V. Erdmann, N. K. Dita Cahyani
Tags:
Description: Chrysiptera uswanasi, n. sp., the seventh member of the Chrysiptera oxycephala species complex of Pomacentridae, is described on the basis of 10 specimens, 24.7–45.3 mm SL, collected at the Fakfak Peninsula of New Guinea (West Papua Province, Indonesia). The new taxon is a microendemic species, found only in a small area around the
Fakfak Peninsula.

1.7 MiB
259
Pomacentrus bellipictus, a new microendemic species of damselfish (Pisces: Pomacentridae) from the Fakfak Peninsula, West Papua, Indonesia1534459944
Author(s): Gerald R. Allen, Mark V. Erdmann, Nur I. Hidayat
Tags:
Description: A new species of damselfish, Pomacentrus bellipictus, is described from 13 specimens, 37.7–67.9 mm SL,
collected at the Kokas area of the Fakfak Peninsula, a portion of the Bird’s Head Peninsula of western New
Guinea (West Papua Province, Indonesia).

6.5 MiB
405
Pseudochromis Stellatus11534459515
Author(s): ANTHONY C. GILL, GERALD R. ALLEN, & MARK V. ERDMANN
Tags:
Description: Fishes of the Indo-Pacific genus Pseudochromis Rüppell (1835) were revised by Gill (2004), who recognised 57 species. Fourteen new species have been described subsequently (see Gill & Senou 2016), taking the total number of described species in the genus to 71. Additional potentially new species from the Coral Triangle region are currently under study by the present authors. We herein describe one such species, collected from the Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua Province, Indonesia.

0.6 MiB
263
Two new species of blue-eyed Trimma (Pisces; Gobiidae) from New Guinea1534459243
Author(s): Richard Winterbottom and Mark Erdmann
Tags:
Description: Two new species of Trimma are described from New Guinea, one at the southeastern end at Normanby Island (Milne Bay Province), the other from Cendrawasih Bay, West Papua, on the north-east coast.

5.4 MiB
329
Higher Abundance Of Marine Predators And Changes In Fishers' Behavior Following Spatial Protection Within The World's Biggest Shark Fishery1525882644
Author(s): Vanessa Jaiteh, Steve Lindfield, Sangeeta Mangubhai, Carol Warren, Ben Fitzpatrick, Neil Loneragan
Tags:
Description: Fisheries are complex social-ecologial systems, where managers struggle to balance the socio-economic interests of fishing communities with the biology and ecology of fisheries species. Spatial closures are a popular measure to address conservation and fisheries management goals; including the protection of shark populations. Placing the context of the research in Indonesia –the global center of tropical marine biodiversity, where the country contributes more to the international shark fin trade than any other country-cum-exporter, the Authors addressed the effectiveness of shark-specific closures to protect sharks, or their impacts on fisher’s behavior. The Authors assessed shark diversity and abundance in an Open Access Zone (OAZ) and two No-Take Zones (NTZs) of a Marine Protected Area (MPA)within the recently-established “Shark Sanctuary” in Raja Ampat, Indonesia; where sharks have high monetary value as a tourism attraction. This Work also highlights interviews with shark fishers, and the changes in their behavior subsequent to the designation of “Shark Sanctuary.”

3.1 MiB
552
Multi-locus sequence data reveal a new species of coral reef goby (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Eviota), and evidence of Pliocene vicariance across the Coral Triangle1502740493
Author(s): L. Tornabene, S. Valdez, M. V. Erdmann and F. L. Pezold
Tags: dwarfgoby; Indo Australian Archipelago; Indo Malay Archipelago;
Description: Here, multi-locus sequence data are coupled with observations of live colouration to recognize a new
species, Eviota punyit from the Coral Triangle, Indian Ocean and Red Sea. Relaxed molecular clock
divergence time estimation indicates a Pliocene origin for the new species, and the current distribution
of the new species and its sister species Eviota sebreei supports a scenario of vicariance across the
Indo-Pacific Barrier, followed by subsequent range expansion and overlap in the Coral Triangle. These
results are consistent with the ‘centre of overlap’ hypothesis, which states that the increased diversity
in the Coral Triangle is due in part to the overlapping ranges of Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean faunas.
These findings are discussed in the context of other geminate pairs of coral reef fishes separated by the
Indo-Pacific Barrier.

4.1 MiB
1343
Sueviota bryozophila, a new species of coral-reef goby from Indonesia (Teleostei: Gobiidae)1502740261
Author(s): Gerald R. Allen, Mark V. Erdmann, N. K. Dita Cahyani
Tags: new species
Description: A new species of gobiid fish, Sueviota bryozophila, is described from Indonesia, at Ambon, Molucca Islands and Lembeh Strait, North Sulawesi, on the basis of six specimens, 9.9–13.2 mm SL. The new species differs from the other four members of the Indo-Pacific genus by having reduced sensory pores on the dorsal surface of the head, with only paired pores at the mid-interorbital, and by having four pelvic-fin rays unbranched and a single branching of the fifth ray.

1.9 MiB
613
Observations on Australian Humpback Dolphins (Sousa sahulensis) in Waters of the Pacific Islands and New Guinea1502739835
Author(s): Isabel Beasley, Maria Jedensjo, Gede Mahendra Wijaya, Jim Anamiato, Benjamin Kahn, Danielle Kreb
Tags: Papua, dolphin
Description: The Australian humpback dolphin, Sousa sahulensis, has recently been described to
occur in northern Australian coastal waters. However, its distribution in adjacent waters
of the Pacific Islands and New Guinea remains largely unknown.

15.9 MiB
1
Pseudotrichonotus caeruleoflavus, a new species of reef fish from Indonesia (Teleostei: Aulopiformes: Pseudotrichonotidae)1502739551
Author(s): Gerald R. Allen, Mark V. Erdmann, Sasanti R. Suharti,Abraham Sianipar
Tags: new species
Description: A new species of pseudotrichonotid, Pseudotrichonotus caeruleoflavus, is described from four specimens, 31.3-33.7 mm SL, collected while scuba diving in the Lesser Sunda Islands of Indonesia at southern Flores. It was also photographed at Misool in the Raja Ampat Islands of West Papua Province.

0.3 MiB
2
Helcogramma atauroensis, a new species of triplefin from Ataúro Island, Timor-Leste, eastern Indian Ocean (Teleostei: Tripterygiidae)1502738601
Author(s): Ronald Fricke, Mark V. Erdmann
Tags: taxonomy, coral reef fishes, ichthyology, systematics, Indo-Pacific Ocean, blennies
Description: A new species of triplefin blenny, Helcogramma atauroensis, from Timor-Leste is described on the basis of eight specimens. Revised keys to the H. steinitzi species complex and to all members of the genus in the western Pacific Ocean and Indo-Australian Archipelago are presented.

3.7 MiB
617
Eviota imitata, a new dwarfgoby from Raja Ampat, Indonesia (Teleostei: Gobiidae)1502737681
Author(s): David W Greenfield, Luke Tornabene, Dr. Mark V Erdmann
Tags: Raja Ampat, taxonomy, coral reef fishes, ichthyology, systematics, Indo-Pacific Ocean, gobies
Description: A new species of dwarfgoby, Eviota imitata n. sp., is described from Raja Ampat, West Papua, Indonesia, based on the holotype and 8 paratypes.

4.6 MiB
851
Species Richness and Relative Abundance of Reef-Building Corals in the Indo-West Pacific1502737323
Author(s): Lyndon DeVantier and Emre Turak
Tags: coral; species richness; relative abundance; Indo-West Pacific; IUCN Red List
Description: Scleractinian corals, the main framework builders of coral reefs, are in serious global
decline, although there remains significant uncertainty as to the consequences for individual species
and particular regions. We assessed coral species richness and ranked relative abundance across
3075 depth-stratified survey sites,

8.3 MiB
715
Nest temperatures of the Piai and Sayang Islands green turtle (Chelonia mydas) rookeries, Raja Ampat Papua, Indonesia: Implications for hatchling sex ratios1502735529
Author(s): RICARDO F. TAPILATU, FERDIEL BALLAMU
Tags: Raja Ampat, Sayang, turtles, Piai, Chelonia mydas, hatching success, sex determination
Description: Information from this study provides a foundation for developing conservation strategies
for enhancing hatchling production with optimal sex ratios at the most important nesting beaches for the western Pacific green sea turtle. This study is the first comprehensive assessment of sex ratios for green sea turtles in Raja Ampat and represents the initiation of a longterm database that can be used at a local level to develop strategies that could potentially offset the impact of long-term climate change
on the western Pacific green sea turtle.

0.3 MiB
401
Review of the Indo-Pacific Flasherwrasses of the genus Paracheilinus(Perciformes: Labridae), with descriptions of three new species1502733895
Author(s): Dr Gerald R Allen, Dr. MV Erdmann, Ni Luh Astria Yumalinda
Tags: new species, taxonomy, coral reef fishes, ichthyology, flasher wrasse, DNA barcoding, wrasses, phylogenetics
Description: The Indo-Pacific labrid fish genus Paracheilinus now contains 20 species. Most of the currently known species inhabit the mega-diverse East Indian region including Paracheilinusangulatus, P. carpenteri, P. cyaneus, P. filamentosus, P. flavianalis, P. lineopunctatus, P. nursalim, P. rennyae, P. togeanensis, P. walton, as well as three recent discoveries described as new species herein. In addition to the new species descriptions, a diagnosis and color illustrations are included for all members of the genus. We also present a key to the species and a neighbor-joining tree of mitochondrial DNA sequences which clarifies the genetic relationships among species, revealing four discrete species complexes within the genus.

17.2 MiB
246
The Goldiei group of rainbowfishes (Melanotaeniidae) from the Birds Neck Region of New Guinea (Papua and West Papua Provinces, Indonesia) with descriptions of five new species and recognition of Melanotaenia dumasi Weber1502733437
Author(s): Gerald R. Allen, Peter J. Unmack and Renny K. Hadiaty
Tags: new species, West Papua, rainbow fishes
Description: Genetic investigations reveal the closely-related “Goldiei”group of melanotaeniids from the Birds Neck region ofwestern New Guinea contains at least six species, including five new taxa, which are described herein.

0.7 MiB
1
5 New Species Of Forams From Raja1502732705
Author(s): Meena Förderer and Martin R. Langer
Tags: Raja Ampat, Indonesia, Coral Triangle, Foraminifera, Tropical reefs, Benthic, Protists
Description: Raja Ampat is an archipelago of about 1,500 small islands located northwest off the Bird's Head Peninsula of Indonesia's West Papua province. It is part of the Coral Triangle, a region recognized as the ``epicenter'' of tropical marine biodiversity. In the course of a large-scale survey on shallow benthic foraminifera we have discovered one new genus and five new species of recent miliolid benthic foraminifera from the highly diverse reefal and nearshore environments. All new species are comparatively rare and occur sporadically in the sample material. Detailed morphological descriptions, scanning electron microscopy pictures of complete and dissected specimens as well as microcomputed
tomography images are provided.

13.7 MiB
300
Review of the bamboo shark genus Hemiscyllium (Orectolobiformes: Hemiscyllidae)1478545504
Author(s): Gerald Allen, Mark Erdmann, William White, Fahmi, Christine Dudgeon
Tags:
Description: The bamboo sharks, genus Hemiscyllium, comprises a group of nine species mainly restricted to New Guinea and northern Australia, including islands, reefs, and shoals separated from mainland areas by shallow seas. The Indonesian island of Halmahera is the only location lying outside the core region that is inhabited by these sharks. The nine species in the genus are reviewed and their approximate distribution documented, as follows: H. freycineti (Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua); H. galei (Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua); H. hallstromi (Torres Strait, Australia and southeastern Papua New Guinea); H. halmahera (Halmahera, Indonesia); H. henryi (vicinity of Triton Bay, West Papua); H. michaeli (Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea); H. ocellatum (northeastern Queensland, Australia); H. strahani (central coast of northern New Guinea); and H. trispeculare (northwestern Australia and Aru Islands, Indonesia). The most reliable means of identi cation is color pattern, in combination with geographic distribution: morphology is less useful due to considerable morphological variation, mostly re ecting the highly variable condition of preserved specimens, and meristic comparisons are limited by mostly small sample sizes. Therefore, a key to species based on color pattern is presented, as well as comprehensive illustrative coverage for each species.

18.4 MiB
3
Review of the Chrysiptera oxycephala complex of damselfishes (Pomacentridae) with descriptions of three new species from the East Indian Archipelago1454541662
Author(s): Allen, Erdmann & Cahyani
Tags:
Description: The nominal species Chrysiptera oxycephala has been considered a widespread species in the East Indian
Archipelago, but genetic analyses and a closer examination of populations throughout the region now show it to
be another example of a species complex of closely related parapatric cryptic species and genovariant populations.
Three DNA lineages correlate with different color patterns and are described here as new species, including
Chrysiptera ellenae (Raja Ampat, West Papua, Indonesia), Chrysiptera maurineae (Cenderawasih Bay, West
Papua, Indonesia), and Chrysiptera papuensis (northeastern Papua New Guinea).

3.9 MiB
1188
Raja Ampat Cetacean Species List 2011-20151444929689
Author(s): Benjamin Kahn
Tags: Raja Ampat, Bird's Head Seascape, conservation, West Papua, Indonesia, cetaceans, Species Count, species, whales
Description: A comprehensive report on the number of cetacean species encountered in Raja Ampat during surveys conducted from 2011-2015 by Benjamin Kahn of Apex Environmental.

0.3 MiB
526
DNA barcoding reveals targeted fisheries for endangered sharks in Indonesia1442853188
Author(s): Andrianus Sembiring; Ni Putu Dian Pertiwi; Angka Mahardini; Rizki Wulandari; Eka Maya Kurniasihb, Andri Wahyu Kuncoroc, N.K. Dita Cahyania, Aji Wahyu Anggoroa, Maria Ulfad, Hawis Madduppa, Kent E. Carpenter, Paul H. Barber, Gusti Ngurah Mahardikaa,
Tags: West Papua, Indonesia, DNA barcoding, Shark
Description: Sharks are apex predators and keystone species that have a profound influence on the ecology and food-web dynamics of coral reefs and epipelagic marine ecosystems. However, sharks are being heavily overfished compromising the health of the world’s reefs and pelagic environments. Although Indonesia is the world’s largest and most diverse coral reef ecosystem, information on the exploitation of sharks
in this region is scarce. Results of DNA barcoding of shark fin revealed two alarming findings: (1) a rarity of reef sharks that should dominate Indonesia’s coastal ecosystems, and (2) a fishery that targets endangered sharks. The diversity and number of threatened species recovered in this study highlights the urgent need for improved regulation and control of Indonesia’s shark fishery.

0.7 MiB
1
New species of Trimma (Actinopterygii, Gobiidae) from Indonesia, with comments on head papillae nomenclature1442853006
Author(s): RICHARD WINTERBOTTOM; MARK V. ERDMANN; N. K. DITA CAHYANI
Tags: West Papua, Cenderawasih Bay, Triton Bay, Trimma aturirii, Trimma trioculatum, Trimma kardium
Description: Three new species of the gobiid Trimma are described from Indonesian waters, and a partially reformulated nomenclature for the cephalic sensory papillae of members of this genus is provided.

13.4 MiB
3
Overview of distribution patterns of zooxanthellate Scleractinia1442852513
Author(s): John Veron; Mary Stafford-Smith; Lyndon DeVantier; Emre Turak
Tags: Bird's Head Seascape, Coral Triangle, diversity, biogeography, species, coral, distributions, affinity
Description: This publication is an overview of a detailed study of coral distribution,diversity and affinities worldwide. Original surveys by the authors cover 4941 sites in 85 eco regions worldwide. These are combined with a thorough summation of all biogeographic, taxonomic and related literature as well as an extensive review of museum and photographic collections worldwide and extensive inter-personal communications.

16.2 MiB
817
Rainbowfishes (Melanotaenia: Melanotaeniidae) of the Aru Islands, Indonesia with descriptions of five new species and redescription of M. patoti Weber and M. senckenbergianus Weber1442852126
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Peter Unmack; Renny Hadiaty;Mark V. Erdmann
Tags: endemic, rainbowfish, taxonomy, biogeography, Aru, species flock
Description: The Aru Archipelago is a relict of the former land bridge connecting Australia and New Guinea and its freshwater Melanotaenia strongly reflect this past connection.Sea level changes over the past 2-3 million years have apparently provided sufficient isolation for the radiation of a mini species flock consisting of at least seven species. Melanotaenia patoti and M. senckenbergianus were described from the islands by Weber in the early 1900s, but subsequently considered as junior synonyms of the New Guinea mainland species M. rubrostriata and M. goldiei respectively. Recent collections by the authors facilitated a reassessment of their status based on morphological and genetic investigations,
consequently both are here recognised as valid and redescriptions are provided. In addition, the current study reveals the existence of five new taxa described herein.

18.0 MiB
1901
MELANOTAENIA RUBRIVITTATA, A NEW SPECIES OF RAINBOWFISH (MELANOTAENIIDAE) FROM NORTHWESTERN PAPUA PROVINCE, INDONESIA1442851916
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Peter Unmack; Renny Hadiaty
Tags: endemic, rainbowfish, Papua, Nabire
Description: A new species of melanotaeniid rainbowfish, Melanotaenia rubrivittata, is described from the Wapoga River system of northwestern Papua Province, Indonesia.

0.5 MiB
2016
Cirrhilabrus marinda, a new species of wrasse (Pisces: Labridae) from eastern Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Vanuatu1442851060
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann; Muhammad Dailami
Tags: Raja Ampat, systematics, Ayau, Fairy wrasse, cryptic species, Bupati Marcus Wanma; Wakil Bupati Indra Arfan
Description: A new species of labrid, Cirrhilabrus marinda, is described from 29 type specimens, 17.4–45.9 mm SL, collected at Ayau Atoll, West Papua Province, Indonesia and 7 non-type specimens, 32.0–67.0 mm SL, from Halmahera,Indonesia and the vicinity of Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu.

11.0 MiB
1123
Chrysiptera caesifrons, a new species of damselfish (Pomacentridae) from the south-western Pacific Ocean1442850880
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann; Eka Kurniasih
Tags: damselfish; Raja Ampat; Chrysiptera rex; biogeography; cryptic species
Description: Chrysiptera caesifrons is described on the basis of 23 type specimens, 23.3–48.5 mm SL, from the Raja Ampat Islands (West Papua Province), Indonesia, and 184 additional non-types, 17.8–60.7 mm SL, from Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, and the Great Barrier Reef of Australia. Additional records based on photographic evidence and underwater observations include Halmahera and the Solomon Islands.

7.7 MiB
2028
Acentrogobius limarius, a new species of goby (Pisces: Gobiidae) from West Papua Province, Indonesia1442850581
Author(s): Dr. Gerald Allen, Dr. Mark V. Erdmann, Renny K. Hadiaty
Tags: Raja Ampat, new species, goby, Batanta
Description: A new species belonging to the gobiid genus Acentrogobius is described from mud-bottom habitat in 26 meter's depth on the island of Batanta in the Raja Ampat Islands of West Papua, Indonesia

7.1 MiB
1577
Festucalex rufus, a new species of pipefish (Syngnathidae) from Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea1428939362
Author(s): Mark V. Erdmann and Gerald R. Allen
Tags: PNG, pipefish, Milne Bay, Festucalex
Description: A new species of syngnathid pipefish, Festucalex rufus is described from Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea on the basis of four specimens, 26.5-37.8 mm SL collected from
coral reef habitat in 10-20 m depth.

0.4 MiB
1960
Cercamia melanogaster, a new species of cardinalfish (Apogonidae) from West Papua, Indonesia1428939205
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann; Angka Mahardini
Tags: Raja Ampat, endemic, Kaimana, cardinalfish
Description: A new species of apogonid, Cercamia melanogaster, is described from 11 specimens, 17.1–28.0 mm SL, collected in 15–42 m in the Bird’s Head region of West Papua Province, Indonesia. Genetic evidence is provided to show a high level of divergence in the mtDNA COI marker between the three recognized species in Cercamia, including the new taxon, C. cladara, and C. eremia.

7.2 MiB
1539
Atelomycterus erdmanni, a new species of catshark (Scyliorhinidae: Carcharhiniformes) from Indonesia1428938981
Author(s): Fahmi; William White
Tags: taxonomy, research, catshark, Lembeh, Ambon
Description: A new species of catshark of the genus Atelomycterus is described from eastern Indonesia based on two type specimens. Atelomycterus erdmanni is closely related to A. baliensis and A. marmoratus, being sympatric with the latter.

4.3 MiB
1903
Support for a ‘Center of Origin’ in the Coral Triangle: Cryptic diversity, recent speciation, and local endemism in a diverse lineage of reef fishes (Gobiidae: Eviota)1416213693
Author(s): Luke Tornabene; Samantha Valdez; Mark Erdmann; Frank Pezold
Tags: Raja Ampat, Cendrawasih Bay, Phylogeography, Eviota, Phylogeny, Evolution, mtDNA, Sympatric speciation
Description: The Coral Triangle is widely regarded as the richest marine biodiversity hot-spot in the world. One factor that has been proposed to explain elevated species-richness within the Coral Triangle is a high rate of in situ speciation within the region itself. Dwarfgobies (Gobiidae: Eviota) are a diverse genus of diminutive
cryptobenthic reef fishes with limited dispersal ability, and life histories and ecologies that increase potential for speciation. We use molecular phylogenetic and biogeographic data from two clades of Eviota species to examine patterns, processes and timing associated with species origination within the Coral
Triangle.

2.4 MiB
1
A New Species of the Cardinalfish genus Siphamia (Perciformes, Apogonidae) from West Papua, Indonesia1416212467
Author(s): OFER GON; GERALD R. ALLEN; MARK V. ERDMANN; GAVIN GOUWS
Tags: West Papua, endemic, cardinalfish, Misool, light organ
Description: A new species of the cardinalfish genus Siphamia is described from specimens collected in the Province of West Papua, Indonesia, at depths of 50–72 m.

3.2 MiB
2
Three new species of Rainbowfishes (Melanotaeniidae) from the Birds Head Peninsula, West Papua Province, Indonesia1416211844
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Peter Unmack; Renny Hadiaty
Tags: endemic, rainbowfish, Melanotaenia, Bird's Head Peninsula, Sisiah, Aifuf, Kladuk
Description: Three new species of melanotaeniid rainbowfishes are described from fresh waters of the Birds Head Peninsula, West Papua Province, Indonesia.

0.6 MiB
2
Pleistocene diversification of the Pomacentrus coelestis species complex (Pisces: Pomacentridae): historical biogeography and species boundaries1410976959
Author(s): Laurie Sorenson, Gerald R. Allen, Mark V. Erdmann, Chang-Feng Dai & Shang- Yin Vanson Liu
Tags: Raja Ampat, Cenderawasih Bay, damselfish, Pomcnetrus coelestis, diversification, Pleistocene
Description: Pleistocene eustatic changes in sea level are often invoked to explain genetic divergence among marine organisms. However, molecular phylogenies have revealed relatively few examples of speciation events dating to the Pleistocene. We present a species-level hypothesis of the timing of evolution for the Pomacentrus coelestis species complex (Pomacentridae), based on the nuclear S7 intron and the mitochondrial Cytb gene, and reconstruct ancestral range distributions across the timetree.

1.2 MiB
2
Three new species of Trimma (Pisces; Gobioidei) from Indonesia1405975923
Author(s): RICHARD WINTERBOTTOM; MARK V. ERDMANN; N. K. DITA CAHYANI
Tags: Raja Ampat, goby, Trimma, pajama, meranyx, zurae, North Sulawesi
Description: Three new species of Trimma are described from various localities in Indonesia. All three can be readily identified from their live, freshly collected, or preserved colouration.

8.4 MiB
3
Phylogeography of commercial tuna and mackerel in the Indonesian Archipelago1405612783
Author(s): Alexis Jackson; Ambariyanto; Mark Erdmann; Abdul Toha; Luke Stevens; Paul Barber
Tags: Papua, population genetics, tuna, mackerel, Pleistocene vicariance, Halmahera Eddy
Description: While numerous population genetics studies have investigated phylogeographic patterns of coral reef organisms in the Coral Triangle, few have addressed whether fishes in the pelagic environment exhibit concordant patterns of genetic subdivision. We analyzed approximately 400 base pairs of the mitochondrial control
region to compare population structure and phylogeography of five pelagic tuna and mackerel within a subset of their geographic ranges (i.e., the Indonesian Archipelago).

1.4 MiB
1345
Eviota tetha, a new species of dwarfgoby from Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua, Indonesia (Teleostei: Gobiidae)1405612617
Author(s): Dave Greenfield; Mark Erdmann
Tags: West Papua, endemic, Cenderawasih Bay, dwarfgoby, Tetha Hitipeuw
Description: A new species of dwarfgoby, Eviota tetha, with a cephalic sensory-canal pore pattern lacking only the IT and NA pores and with the AITO pore positioned far forward and opening anteriorly, is described from Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua, Indonesia.

7.2 MiB
786
Concordant Phylogenetic Patterns Inferred From Mitochondrial And Microsatellite DNA In Giant Clam Tridacna crocea1405612365
Author(s): Timery DeBoer; Ma Rio Naguit; Mark Erdmann; Maria Carmen Ablan-Lagman; Ambariyanto; Kent Carpenter; Abdul Toha; Paul Barber
Tags: Cenderawasih Bay, Tridacna crocea, cryptic species, phylogeographic structure
Description: The boring giant clam, Tridacna crocea Lamarck, 1819, is a CITES-listed bivalve that is declining due to overharvest and environmental degradation. Previous molecular studies in the Coral Triangle using mitochondrial DNA indicated the presence of deep phylogenetic divergence and strong phylogeographic structure across this region, suggesting the possibility of multiple cryptic species. In the present study, we compare data from non-recombining mitochondrial (mtDNA; cytochrome oxidase subunit 1, COI) and eight microsatellite loci to better understand patterns of genetic structure and species boundaries in T. crocea populations across Indonesia and the Philippines.

3.9 MiB
1822
Concordance Between Phylogeographic And Biogeographic Boundaries In The Coral Triangle1405612034
Author(s): Timery DeBoer; Ma Rio Naguit; Mark Erdmann; Maria Carmen Ablan-Lagman; Ambariyanto; Kent Carpenter; Abdul Toha; Paul Barber
Tags: Cenderawasih Bay, Coral Triangle, giant clams, Tridacna squamosa, crocea, maxima, marine ecoregions, phylogeographic patterns
Description: Marine habitats are in decline worldwide, precipitating a strong interest in marine conservation. The use of biogeographic data to designate ecoregions has had significant impacts on terrestrial conservation efforts. However, classification of marine environments into ecoregions has only become available in the last several years, based on biogeographic data supplemented by geomorphology, ocean currents, and water temperatures. Here we use a comparative phylogeographic approach to test for concordant phylogeographic patterns in three closely related species of Tridacna giant clams across the Coral Triangle, the most biodiverse marine region in the world and one of the most threatened.

2.8 MiB
1319
Phylogeography And Limited Genetic Connectivity In The Endangered Boring Giant Clam Across The Coral Triangle1401910304
Author(s): Timery DeBoer; Matthew Subia; Ambariyanto; Mark Erdmann; Katie Kovitvongsa; Paul Barber
Tags: West Papua, Phylogeography, Tridacna crocea, Genetic Connectivity
Description: The Coral Triangle is the global center of marine biodiversity; however, its coral reefs are critically threatened. Because of the bipartite life history of many marine species with sedentary adults and dispersive pelagic larvae, designing effective marine protected areas requires an understanding of patterns of larval dispersal and connectivity among geographically discrete populations. We used mtDNA sequence data to examine patterns of genetic connectivity in the boring giant clam (Tridacna crocea) in an effort to guide
conservation efforts within the Coral Triangle.

0.3 MiB
1
Revision of the Indo-Pacific cardinalfish genus Siphamia (Perciformes: Apogonidae1401910096
Author(s): Ofer Gon; Gerald Allen
Tags: Kaimana, cardinalfish, revision, Siphamia stenotes
Description: The Indo-Pacific apogonid genus Siphamia Weber 1909 is unique among cardinalfishes in having a bacterial bioluminescent system and spinoid scales. Light is produced by luminous bacteria found in a small pocket connected to the gut in the abdominal cavity and in a sac on each side of the tip of the tongue. Siphamia consists of 23 small species many of which are associated with invertebrates such as sea urchins, crown-of-thorns starfish and coral. Species of this genus fall into two main groups with different dark pigment pattern of the longitudinal translucent muscle acting as a light organ that diffuses light along the ventral edge of the body...In this paper we recognize 14 of 21 nominal Siphamia species as valid and we describe nine new species.

11.2 MiB
2
Three new species of the fangblenny genus Meiacanthus from Indonesia, with color photographs and comments on other species (Teleostei: Blenniidae: Nemophini)1401909077
Author(s): William Smith-Vaniz; Gerald Allen
Tags: new species, fangblennies, Meiacanthus erdmanni, Meiacanthus abruptus, Meiacanthus cyanopterus
Description: Three new species of fangblennies are described from Indonesia. An identification key is provided for all the striped species of Meiacanthus, including at least one additional
undescribed species previously confused with M. abditus. Color photographs of other Meiacanthus species and some new distributional records are also given.

2.5 MiB
3
Pseudochromis erdmanni, a new species of dottyback with medially placed palatine teeth from Indonesia (Teleostei: Perciformes: Pseudochromidae)1401908554
Author(s): Anthony Gill; Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: Raja Ampat, Indonesia, dottyback, Halmahera
Description: Pseudochromis erdmanni is described from eight specimens from Halmahera, Ambon and the Raja Ampat Islands, Indonesia. It is also recorded from Lembeh Strait, Sulawesi, on the basis of photographs.

0.4 MiB
1
Two New Species of Striped Pseudochromis from the Philippine Islands and Indonesia, with a redescription of P. colei (Perciformes: Pseudochromidae)1401817564
Author(s): Anthony Gill; Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: Raja Ampat, new species, dottyback, Max Ammer
Description: Pseudochromis ammeri sp. nov. and P. eichleri sp. nov. are described from Indonesia (Raja Ampat Islands, West Irian and Halmahera) and the Philippines (Calamianes Group, Boracay and northern Palawan), respectively...The three species closely resemble each other but differ in live coloration and several scale count characters

0.9 MiB
1
Pentapodus numberii, a New Species of Whiptail (Pisces: Nemipteridae) from Eastern Indonesia1401817388
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: Raja Ampat, Bird's Head Seascape, new species, endemic, Triton Bay, Cendrawasih Bay, whiptail
Description: The present paper describes a new Pentapodus that was first encountered by the authors in Apr. 2006 during a Conservation International-sponsored marine biological
expedition at Triton Bay, Papua Barat Province, Indonesia.

0.9 MiB
1
A New Cardinalfish of the Genus Apogonichthyoides (Perciformes, Apogonidae) from Raja Ampat Islands, with a key to species1401817225
Author(s): Thomas Fraser; Gerald Allen
Tags: Raja Ampat, cardinalfish, Misool, Fiabacet
Description: Another deep-water cardinal fish of the genus Apogonichthyoides is described from Fiabacet Island, Western Papua, Indonesia.

0.5 MiB
4
Concordant Phylogenetic Patterns In Tridacna crocea1401817029
Author(s): Timery DeBoer; Ma Rio Naguit; Mark Erdmann; Maria Ablan-Lagman; Ambariyanto;Kent Carpenter; Abdul Hamid Toha; Paul Barber
Tags: Phylogeography, Tridacna crocea, microsatellite, genetic
Description: The boring giant clam, Tridacna crocea Lamarck, 1819, is a CITES-listed bivalve that is declining due to overharvest and environmental degradation. Previous molecular studies in the Coral Triangle using mitochondrial DNA indicated the presence of deep phylogenetic divergence and strong phylogeographic structure across this region, suggesting the possibility of multiple cryptic species. In the present study, we compare data from non-recombining mitochondrial (mtDNA; cytochrome oxidase subunit 1, COI) and eight microsatellite loci to better understand patterns of genetic structure and species boundaries in T. crocea populations across Indonesia and the Philippines.

7.3 MiB
0
Comparative Phylogeography Of Two Seastars And Their Ectosymbionts In Coral Triangle1401816396
Author(s): Eric Crandall; Elizabeth Jones; Martha Munoz; Bolanle Akinronbi; Mark Erdmann; Paul Barber
Tags: Cenderawasih Bay, Coral Triangle, Linckia laevigata, Thyca crystallina, Periclemenes soror, Protoreaster nodosus, comparative phylogeography
Description: Repeated exposure and flooding of the Sunda and Sahul shelves during Pleistocene sea-level fluctuations is thought to have contributed to the isolation and diversification of sea-basin populations within the Coral Triangle. This hypothesis has been tested in numerous phylogeographical studies, recovering an assortment of genetic patterns that the authors have generally attributed to differences in larval dispersal capability or adult habitat specificity. This study compares phylogeographical patterns from mitochondrial COI
sequences among two co-distributed seastars that differ in their adult habitat and dispersal ability, and two seastar ectosymbionts that differ in their degree of host specificity.

0.8 MiB
0
Recently Discovered Landlocked Basins in Indonesia Reveal High Habitat Diversity in Anchialine Systems1401816092
Author(s): Leontine Becking; Willem Renema; Nadiezhda Santodomingo; Bert Hoeksema; Yosephine Tuti; Nicole de Voogd
Tags: Raja Ampat, marine lakes, anchialine, sponges, sponges, Berau
Description: In this article, the variability of physical settings of anchialine systems in Indonesia is discussed together with the consequences these settings have for the environment and biota within the systems. Exploration in two karstic areas (Berau, East Kalimantan and Raja Ampat, West Papua) has resulted in the discovery of 20 previously unknown
anchialine systems in Indonesia.

0.9 MiB
4
Strong Genetic Structure among Coral Populations within a Conservation Priority Region: The Bird's Head Seascape 1401735977
Author(s): Craig Starger; Paul Barber; Mark Erdmann; Abdul Hamid Toha; Andrew Bakere
Tags: MPAs, conservation planning, Genetic structure, Seriotopora hystrix
Description: Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are widely considered to be one of the best strategies available for protecting biodiversity and ecosystem processes in marine environments,
particularly in developing, tropical nations. While data on connectivity and genetic structure of marine populations are critical to designing appropriately sized and spaced networks of MPAs, such data are rarely available. Here we present an assessment of genetic structure in reef- building corals from Papua and West Papua, Indonesia, among the most biologically diverse and least disturbed coral reef regions in the world, and the focus of the multi-institutional Bird's Head Seascape initiative to design and implement a functional network of MPAs.

0.8 MiB
881
Reef Fishes East Indies Appendix 1 New Species Descriptions1401735760
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann; Dita Cahyani; Elizabeth Jones-Sbrocco; Joshua Drew
Tags: new species, endemic, Bird's Head, Scorpaenodes bathycolus, Forcipiger wanai, Amblyglyphidodon flavopurpureus, Neoglyphidodon mitratus, Parapercis sagma, Pterapsaron longipinnis, Lepadichthys akiko, Acentrogobius cenderawasih, Tomiyamichthys nudus, T
Description: Includes descriptions of new taxa,collected during recent investigations in the East Indian region. Fourteen of these were taken at the Bird’s Head Peninsula of West Papua, Indonesia in connection with Conservation International-sponsored faunal surveys. The various new taxa are presented in phylogenetic order by family and in alphabetical order within families.

8.7 MiB
2783
Keanekaragaman Hayati Ikan Di Teluk Arguni1401735461
Author(s): Renny Hadiaty; Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: Kaimana, keanekaragaman, ikan, Teluk Arguni, jenis, endemik
Description: Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI) telah melakukan penelitian di wilayah Papua dengan nama ekspedisi Wilayah Nusantara (EWIN). Penelitian dilakukan selama dua tahun di wilayah Raja Ampat, Papua Barat. Pada tahun 2007 penelitian dilakukan di Pulau Waigeo, sedangkan tahun 2008 di Pulau Batanta. Hasil penelitian di kedua pulau tersebut mengindikasikan tingginya tingkat endemisitas dan beberapa diantaranya merupakan jenis baru. Sekalipun penelitian di wilayah Papua banyak mendapatkan hasil yang menarik, namun sayangnya tidak dapat dilanjutkan. Beranjak dari hasil tersebut berhasil dijalin kerjasama penelitian dengan Conservation International (CI) Indonesia Marine Program. Penelitian dilakukan di 24 stasiun penelitian di wilayah perairan Kaimana, Papua Barat. Hasilnya sangat menarik, diperoleh 55 jenis ikan dari 20 familia, tujuh jenis diantaranya diperkirakan merupakan jenis baru

5.3 MiB
3157
Ecology Of Papua Stomatopods excerpted from The Ecology of Papua, Marshall and Beehler, eds, 20071401735096
Author(s): Mark Erdmann
Tags: Bird's Head Seascape, checklist, stomatopod, crustacean, Vogelkop
Description: The author has been sampling stomatopod crustaceans from around Indonesia and the Coral Triangle region for the past 14 years...Of all the areas studied, the Volkelkop region of north Papua, particularly the Raja Ampat Archipelago, is the most diverse so far.

2.3 MiB
1226
Pisces, Teleostei, Gobiidae, illustrated list of additions to the fauna of the Raja Ampat Islands, Indonesia1401734831
Author(s): Rudi Dimara; Andi Fauzan; Muhammad Lazuardi; Defy Pada; Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann; Christine Huffard; Laure Katz; Richard Winterbottom
Tags: Raja Ampat, gobies, checklist, cryptofauna
Description: Previous surveys of the reef-associated ichthyofauna of the Raja Ampat Islands in West Papua, Indonesia recorded a total of 1,320 species of reef fishes, including 271 species of Gobiidae. A recent survey focused on the cryptic gobies of Raja Ampat resulted in 36 new records (including nine species of both Trimma and Eviota). Sixteen of the new
records are currently undescribed species, with seven of these identified as Raja Ampat endemics, while the remaining nine species are also known from localities outside Raja Ampat in the western Pacific. Five species previously recorded from the area have been re-identified, two of them representing undescribed species, and a new record from the literature has been added. This brings the total number of reef fishes known from Raja Ampat waters to 1,357, of which 308 belong to the Gobiidae. The number of species (including the undescribed taxa) apparently endemic to the Bird’s Head Peninsula of West Papua now totals 33.

3.4 MiB
1045
Descriptions Of Six New Trimma From Raja Ampat1401734697
Author(s): Rick Winterbottom
Tags: Raja Ampat, new species, Trimma cheni, Trimma erdmanni, Trimma haimassum, Trimma xanthochrum, Trimma papayum, Trimma habrum
Description: Recent (2010) fieldwork in the Raja Ampat Islands of Indonesia resulted in the collection of seven undescribed species of Trimma, six of which are described here.

0.6 MiB
521
Descriptions Of Three New Opistognathus Jawfish1401734549
Author(s): William Smith-Vaniz
Tags: new species, jawfish, Opistognathus randalli, Opistognathus variablis
Description: Six Indo-Pacific jawfishes of the genus Opistognathus, all with the posterior end of the upper jaw produced as a thin flexible lamina, are described.

1.1 MiB
570
Description Of Synchiropus tudorjonesi Dragonet1401734440
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: new species, Indonesia, Cendrawasih Bay, dragonet
Description: Synchiropus tudorjonesi is described on the basis of 4 specimens, 21.1-35.5 mm SL, collected at Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua, in Indonesia. The species has also been recorded from Bali, Indonesia, from underwater photographs.

0.1 MiB
312
Description Of Pterois andover Lionfish1401734040
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: new species, Cenderawasih Bay, Halmahera, Milne Bay, lionfish
Description: A new species of scorpionfish, Pterois andover, is described on the basis of six specimens, 83.9-168.0 mm SL, collected at southwestern Halmahera and western New Guinea
(Papua and Papua Barat provinces, Indonesia). It has also been photographed at northern Sulawesi and Flores, Indonesia and Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea.

0.3 MiB
2121
Description Of Pterocaesio monikae Fusilier1401733837
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: new species, West Papua, endemic, Cenderawasih Bay, fusilier
Description: A new species of caesionid fish, Pterocaesio monikae, is described on the basis of 21 specimens, 51.8-97.5 mm SL, collected at Cenderawasih Bay, Papua and Papua Barat
provinces, Indonesia during February 2006 and October 2007. It was observed in large schools containing up to several hundred individuals along the upper edge of seaward
reef slopes at depths ranging from the surface to 55 m.

0.1 MiB
1225
Description Of Pseudochromis matahari Dottyback1401733744
Author(s): Anthony Gill; Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: new species, endemic, dottyback, Halmahera
Description: Pseudochromis matahari n. sp. is described from the 44.7 mm SL holotype from Halmahera, Indonesia.

96 KiB
788
Description Of Pseudochromis jace Dottyback1401733584
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Anthony Gill; Mark Erdmann
Tags: new species, West Papua, endemic, Triton Bay, dottyback
Description: Pseudochromis jace is described from three specimens, 37.9-62.5 mm SL, collected in the vicinity of Triton Bay, Papua Barat Province (western New Guinea), Indonesia.

0.1 MiB
691
Description Of Pseudanthias charlenae Fairy Basslet1401733482
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: new species, Cenderawasih Bay, fairy basslet, anthia
Description: Pseudanthias charleneae is described from a single specimen, 75.3 mm SL, collected at Cenderawasih Bay, western New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia) at a depth of 56 m.

0.1 MiB
284
Description Of Pomacentrus fakfakensis Damselfish1401733350
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: new species, endemic, Kaimana, damselfish, Fak Fak
Description: Pomacentrus fakfakensis is described from 13 specimens, 17.7–57.0 mm SL, collected at the southern Bird’s Head Peninsula of western New Guinea (Irian Jaya Barat Province, Indonesia). It is distinguished from most similar species in the western Pacific by possessing 14 instead of 13 dorsal-fin spines.

0.7 MiB
1143
Description Of Pictichromis caitlinae Dottyback1401733216
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Anthony Gill; Mark Erdmann
Tags: new species, endemic, Cenderawasih Bay, dottyback
Description: The coral reef fish previously known as Pictichromisaurifrons is shown to consist of two species including P.caitlinae, which is described as new based on eight specimens,26.3-42.6 mm SL, from Cenderawasih Bay, westernNew Guinea. Although both species are known only from New Guinea, the two are geographically separated by approximately 2,700 km of coastline.

0.1 MiB
437
Description Of Paracheilinus walton Flasher Wrasse1401733096
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: new species, West Papua, endemic, Cendrawasih Bay, flasher wrasse
Description: The Indo-Pacific labrid fish Paracheilinus walton is described from four male specimens, 34.8-40.7 mm SL, and two females, 27.7-38.9 mm SL, collected in 46 m at
Yapen Island, Papua, Indonesia.

0.5 MiB
263
Description Of Paracheilinus nursalim Flasher Wrasse1401732984
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: new species, endemic, Kaimana, Fak Fak, flasher wrasse
Description: Paracheilinus nursalim is described from 16 male specimens, 39.4-51.0 mm SL, and three females, 20.9-28.9 mm SL, collected at the Fak Fak Peninsula and Triton Bay
area of western New Guinea.

0.2 MiB
226
Description Of Melanotaenia flavipinnis Rainbowfish1401732859
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Renny Hadiaty; Peter Unmack
Tags: Raja Ampat, new species, rainbowfish, Misool
Description: A new species of melanotaeniid rainbowfish, Melanotaenia flavipinnis, is described from Misool Island in the Birds Head region of western New Guinea (West Papua
Province, Indonesia). The new taxon is described from 20 specimens...

0.9 MiB
749
Description Of Melanotaenia ammeri And kokasensis Rainbowfishes1401732512
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Peter Unmack; Renny Hadiaty
Tags: Bird's Head Seascape, endemic, Kaimana, rainbowfishes, Arguni Bay
Description: Two new species of rainbowfishes are described from the southwestern Birds Head region of western New Guinea (Papua Barat Province, Indonesia). Melanotaenia ammeri
n. sp. is described on the basis of 19 specimens, 46.5-82.2 mm SL, collected near Gusimawa Village, Arguni Bay. It is most closely related to M. kokasensis n. sp., also described
as new from 25 specimens, 27.2-68.5 mm SL, collected near Kokas Village on the northern Fakfak Peninsula.

0.4 MiB
318
Description Of Lutjanus papuensis Snapper1401732357
Author(s): Gerald Allen; William White; Mark Erdmann
Tags: new species, West Papua, snapper
Description: Two new species of snappers, genus Lutjanus, are described from Indo-West Pacific seas... Lutjanus papuensis is described from four specimens, 173–259 mm SL, collected at Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua and purchased from fish markets at Bali and western Java, Indonesia. It has also been observed at Timor Leste, northern Papua New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands.

4.8 MiB
2290
Description Of Hoplolatilus randalli Tilefish1401732188
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann; Alison Hamilton
Tags: tilefish, Western Pacific, fronticinctus, luteus
Description: Hoplolatilus randalli n. sp. is described on the basis of 13 specimens, 46.7-158.2 mm SL, collected at the Banda Islands and West Papua in Indonesia, Luzon in northern Philippines, Palau and Yap in Micronesia, and the Solomon Islands. The species has previously been confused with H. fronticinctus Günther...

0.3 MiB
240
Description Of Hoplolatilus erdmanni Tilefish1401732015
Author(s): Gerald Allen
Tags: Bird's Head Seascape, endemic, Triton Bay, tilefish
Description: Hoplolatilus erdmanni is described on the basis of two specimens, 129.8-137.2 mm standard length, collected in the vicinity of Triton Bay, Irian Jaya Barat Province (western
New Guinea), Indonesia.

0.4 MiB
878
Description Of Heteroconger mercyae Garden Eel1401731904
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: new species, West Papua, Kaimana, garden eel
Description: A new species of heterocongrine garden eel is described fromWest Papua, Indonesia based on 13 specimens, 106.3-678.1 mm TL.

0.2 MiB
266
Description Of Hemiscyllium halmahera Epaulette Shark1401731750
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann; Christine Dudgeon
Tags: endemic, Halmahera, walking shark, epaulette shark
Description: Hemiscyllium halmahera new species is described from two specimens, 656-681 mm TL, collected at Ternate, Halmahera, Indonesia. The new species is clearly differentiated
on the basis of colour pattern.

0.3 MiB
283
Description Of Hemiscyllium galei and henryi Epaulette Shark1401731583
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: West Papua, Triton Bay, Cendrawasih Bay, walking shark, epaulette shark
Description: Two new species of hemiscylliid sharks are described from the Bird’s Head region of western New Guinea (Papua Barat Province, Indonesia). They differ from congeners on the
basis of both colour patterns and DNA composition.

0.4 MiB
328
Description Of Halichoeres erdmanni Wrasse1401731448
Author(s): John Randall; Gerald Allen
Tags: new species, Fak Fak, Kokas, wrasse
Description: Halichoeres erdmanni, new species, described from 10 specimens collected from fringing reef in Berau Bay, West Papua, Indonesia.

0.5 MiB
991
Description Of Corythoichthys benedetto Pipefish1401731324
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: new species, West Papua, Triton Bay, pipefish
Description: A new species of pipefish, Corythoichthys benedetto, is described on the basis of five specimens, 59.5-67.6 mm SL, collected in 5 to 15 m depth from rock and coral reefs
at two Indonesian locations including Triton Bay, Papua Barat Province (western New Guinea) and Kabaena Island, off southern Sulawesi.

0.2 MiB
351
Description Of Cirrhilabrus cenderawasih Fairy Wrasse1401731065
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: new species, Cendrawasih Bay, Fairy wrasse, isolation
Description: Cirrhilabrus cenderawasih is described from seven specimens, 38.9-65.1 mm SL, collected at Cenderawasih Bay, Papua, Indonesia. It is closely related to C. walindi from
Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, but differs with regards to male color pattern...

1.0 MiB
547
Description Of Chrysiptera giti Damselfish1401665283
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: damselfish, Fak Fak, Papua Barat
Description: Chrysiptera giti is described from nine specimens, 23.4- 36.0 mm SL, from the Fak Fak Peninsula of western New Guinea (Papua Barat Province, Indonesia).

0.2 MiB
1092
Description Of Chromis unipa and albicauda Damselfish1401665048
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags:
Description: Two new species in the pomacentrid genus Chromis are described from Indonesian seas.

0.4 MiB
423
Description Of Chromis athena Damselfish1401664796
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: Raja Ampat, endemic, damselfish, Penemu, Fam
Description: A new species of pomacentrid fish, Chromis athena, is described from five specimens, 49.8-54.3 mm SL collected in 62 m depth at the Raja Ampat Islands of western New
Guinea (Papua Barat Province, Indonesia).

0.1 MiB
1509
Description Of Calumia eilperini and papuensis gudgeons1401664527
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Mark Erdmann
Tags: new species, West Papua, endemic, Cenderawasih Bay, gudgeon
Description: Two new species of reef-dwelling eleotrids are described from Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua, Indonesia. Both new species were collected together in 5-12 m depth on a sheltered, near-shore coral reef.

0.2 MiB
234
Blue Auction Special Edition Aqua1401664180
Author(s): Mark Erdmann; Gerald Allen; Anthony Gill; Peter Unmack
Tags: Bird's Head Seascape, new species, Blue Auction
Description: This "aqua" special edition includes the description of 11fish species recently discovered in the 183,000 square kilometer Bird's Head Seascape region of Papua Indonesia.

3.4 MiB
1075
Endemic Fishes of the Bird's Head Seascape1399315783
Author(s): Mark V. Erdmann
Tags: Biodiversity, taxonomy, endemic species
Description: The Bird’s Head Seascape of West Papua is not only the epicenter of marine biodiversity, it also appears to function as a “species factory”, as evidenced by the large number of reef fishes and other fauna known only from this area. Here we provide descriptions of a number of these endemic species, as well as rare fish species that are known only from the Bird’s Head and specific neighboring regions of northeastern Indonesia or Papua New Guinea.

13.8 MiB
1420
A new species and genus of a large and unusual freshwater hardyhead, Sashatherina giganteus (Pisces: Atherinidae) from West Papua, Indonesia and a comparison with its closest relatives of the genus Craterocephalus1398788012
Author(s): Walter Ivantsoff; Gerald Allen
Tags: Kaimana, freshwater, Triton Lakes, hardyhead
Description: Over the last several decades it has become possible to collect in western New Guinea, now known as the Indonesian province of West Papua. Two collectors, Heiko Bleher and
the second author, have collected at different times and brought back, amongst other species, some unusual specimens of a large hardyhead from Lake Lakamora (part of Triton
Lakes complex, sometimes also known as Lake Laamora, at 3°41’S 134°17’E).

0.4 MiB
308
Two new species of freshwater gudgeons (Eleotridae: Mogurnda) from the Arguni Bay Region of West Papua, Indonesia1398787895
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Renny Hadiaty
Tags: Kaimana, freshwater, Arguni, gudgeon, Mogurnda
Description: Two new species of Mogurnda are described from the Arguni Bay region of West Papua, Indonesia.

0.4 MiB
404
A new species of rainbowfish (Melanotaeniidae: Melanotaenia), from Batanta Island, western New Guinea1398787757
Author(s): Gerald Allen; Peter Unmack
Tags: Raja Ampat, rainbowfish, freshwater, Melanotaenia, Batanta
Description: A new species of rainbowfish, Melanotaenia synergos, is described on the basis of 45 specimens, 24.1-63.3 mm SL, collected in 1998 at Batanta Island, western New Guinea
(Papua Barat Province, Indonesia).

0.4 MiB
528