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BAF-Monthly Update Aug 2019 (EN)1567097026
Author(s): Blue Abadi Fund
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Description: Blue Abadi Fund Update-August 2019

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Förderer and Langer Distributed under Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0 OPEN ACCESS Five new species and one new genus of recent miliolid foraminifera from Raja Ampat (West Papua, Indonesia)1566603033
Author(s): Meena Förderer and Martin R. Langer
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Description: Raja Ampat is an archipelago of about 1,500 small islands located northwest off the
Bird's Head Peninsula of Indonesia's West Papua province. It is part of the Coral
Triangle, a region recognized as the ``epicenter'' of tropical marine biodiversity. In
the course of a large-scale survey on shallow benthic foraminifera we have discovered
one new genus and five new species of recent miliolid benthic foraminifera from
the highly diverse reefal and nearshore environments.

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Patterns of species richness and the center of diversity in modern Indo- Pacific larger foraminifera1566602303
Author(s): Meena Förderer, Dennis Rödder & Martin R. Langer
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Description: Symbiont-bearing Larger Benthic Foraminifera (LBF) are ubiquitous components of shallow tropical and subtropical environments and contribute substantially to carbonaceous reef and shelf sediments. Climate change is dramatically affecting carbonate producing organisms and threatens the diversity and structural integrity of coral reef ecosystems. Recent invertebrate and vertebrate surveys have identified the Coral Triangle as the planet’s richest center of marine life delineating the region as a
top priority for conservation. We compiled and analyzed....

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Status of sea turtle populations and its conservation at Bird’s Head Seascape, Western Papua, Indonesia1499803740
Author(s): Ricardo Tapilatu, Hengki Wona, Petrus Batubara
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Description: Bird’s Head Seascape region in the northwest of Papua contains the world’s highest marine biodiversity. The area is a unique site which contains a full range of marine and coastal habitats that are important for the breeding, foraging and migration of several species of sea turtles. This survey aimed to characterize critical habitats that are in use by sea turtles across Yapen, Wondama, Manokwari and Kaimana at Bird’s Head Seascape and to assess existing and potential threats to both habitats and population.

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Penentuan Daerah Konservasi Laut Berdasarkan Informasi Suhu Permukaan Laut1394662607
Author(s): Gandi Purba
Tags: kawasan konservasi, Teluk Cendrawasih, suhu permukaan laut
Description: Terumbu karang adalah salah satu ekosistem penting di wilayah pesisir. Ancaman kepunahan skala besar yang disebabkan oleh pemanasan suhu global menambah kecemasan
setelah kerusakan yang dilakukan manusia. Suhu sebagai syarat hidup utama karang, kenaikannya akan menyebabkan pemutihan yang pada akhirnya akan mati karena ketidakmampuan karang untuk beradaptasi. Menurut laporan NOAA Coral Reef Watch (CRW), khusus di Perairan Papua bagian utara, di tahun 1998 yang merupakan tahun terkuat
fenomena ELNINO, kenaikan suhu di sekitar Kepala Burung mencapai 20C dan Teluk Cendrawasih 10C (http://coralreefwatch.noaa.gov/satellite). Apabila peningkatan 1°C saja bertahan selama 10 minggu atau lebih, maka pemutihan pasti terjadi.

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Excerpt On Sea Surface Temperature Monitoring From Final BHS EBM II Report1394662301
Author(s): Mark Erdmann; Gandi Purba
Tags: MPA, BHS, sea surface temperature, climate change, monitoring, coral bleaching
Description: Sea Surface Temperature (SST) is one of the primary oceanographic factors controlling the development and growth of coral reefs. Significant variances in SST (such as those predicted as a consequence of global climate change) are known to cause significant stress, coral bleaching, and even mass mortality in reef corals....By continuing this SST monitoring, we can measure long-term trends in the SST pattern as well as the impact of El Niño and La Niña events, which have been associated with mass coral bleaching, on SST in the BHS. In addition, we plan to transfer the dataset and monitoring program to the State University of Papua in Manokwari (UNIPA) as a capacity-building initiative.

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Ketahanan Karang Menghadapi Kenaikan Suhu Permukaan Laut Guna Penentuan Kawasan Konservasi Laut Di Teluk Cendrawasih1393962472
Author(s): Gandi Purba; Roni Bawole; MV Erdmann; Chris Rotinsulu; Erdi Lazuardi; Thomas Pattiasina
Tags: kawasan konservasi, Teluk Cendrawasih, suhu permukaan laut, ketahanan karang
Description: Berbagai upaya pengelolaan terumbu karang yang telah dilakukan oleh beberapa lembaga internasional maupun nasional. Bahkan pada skala lokal (pemerintah daerah) telah
menetapkan Kawasan Konservasi Laut (KKL) untuk menjamin pemanfaatan yang lestari terhadap sumberdaya karang. Namun demikian upaya tersebut belum memberikan hasil maksimal karena penetapan lokasi KKL masih dilakukan secara konvensional berdasarkan kriteria ekologis (karang yang sehat), sosek, kelembagaan dan peraturan perundangan yang berlaku, serta aspek budaya masyarakat. Pendekatan-pendekatan ini tidak selamanya berhasil dalam jangka panjang karena lokasi-lokasi KKL pada beberapa tempat karangnya secara alamiah telah mengalami kerusakan, misalnya Kepulauan Padaido, Raja Ampat, Takabonerate, dan lain-lain. Para pencetus KKL saat itu belum menganggap efek Pemanasan Global sebagai gejala universal yang harus dicermati dan faktor yang dapat menghancurkan karang pada lokasi-lokasi KKL. Pengaruh Pemanasan Global ini telah mendorong kenaikan Suhu Permukaan Laut (SPL) yang pada tahap berikut bersifat mematikan karang akibat terganggunya simbiosis mutualisme karang – zooxanthellae.

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Excerpt On Sea Surface Temperature Monitoring From BHS EBM Publication1393373429
Author(s): Mark Erdmann; Gandi Purba; Christine Huffard
Tags: BHS, sea surface temperature, climate change, MPA management, resilience, bleaching
Description: Since 2005, scientists from Universitas Negeri Papua (UNIPA) and CI have maintained 78 temperature loggers placed throughout the BHS in areas with live coral, at depths of 1-3m and 15-20m. The practical goals of this initiative are 1) to describe the temperature tolerance of living corals, and 2) identify areas with temperature conditions that are good for long-term coral reef survival.

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