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Achieving Fisheries and Conservation Objectives within Marine Protected Areas: Zoning the Raja Ampat Network 6.2 MiB | June 4, 2014
Author(s): Vera Agostini; Hedley Grantham; Joanne Wilson; Sangeeta Mangubhai; Chris Rotinsulu; Nur Hidayat; Andreas Muljadi; Mujahir; Meity Mongdong; Arief Darmawan; Lukas Rumetna; Mark Erdmann; Hugh Possingham
Description: Raja Ampat is a national and global priority for conservation as it contains the world’s most diverse coral reefs and critical habitats for globally threatened marine species, and is a cetacean migratory corridor. As a result local governments in this region are facing difficult decisions in their attempt to balance sustainable development with conservation of globally significant marine diversity. This report describes a process conducted to support the development of zoning plans for Raja Ampat’s MPA network. Activities undertaken included developing a spatial database on species, habitats and human uses; engaging stakeholders through a series of meeting and workshop; applying state of the art conservation planning tools to synthesize information and examine trade-offs.
Analysis of management effectiveness of Local Marine Conservation Area (KKLD) Mayalibit Bay, Raja Ampat Regency, West Papua Province 154.7 KiB | August 14, 2017
Author(s): Handayani Handayani, Sutrisno Anggoro, Boedi Hendrarto, Abdul Kohar
Tags: MPA, Raja Ampat MPA Network
Description: The establishment of Marine Conservation Area (KKL) is not necessarily becoming desired
protection and conservation efforts. Therefore, questions raise whether the KKL management has been
performed effectively in order to obtain sustainable outcomes as well as to improve community socioeconomic status. This research aimed to analyze the effectiveness of the management of the Local
Marine Conservation Area (KKLD) Mayalibit Bay in Raja Ampat Regency, Indonesia.
Atlas Sumberdaya Pesisir Kabupaten Raja Ampat 22.6 MiB | June 4, 2014
Author(s): Konsorsium Atlas Sumberdaya Pesisir Kabupaten Raja Ampat
Description: Kepulauan Raja Ampat terletak di jantung pusat segitiga karang dunia (Coral Triangle) dan merupakan pusat keanekaragaman hayati laut tropis terkaya di dunia saat ini. Kepulauan ini berada di bagian paling barat pulau induk Papua, Indonesia, membentang di area seluas kurang lebih 4,6 juta hektar. Raja Ampat memiliki kekayaan dan keunikan spesies yang tinggi dengan ditemukannya 1.104 jenis ikan, 699 jenis moluska (hewan lunak) dan 537 jenis hewan karang.
Benefits of Sasi for Conservation of Marine Resources in Raja Ampat, Papua 814.6 KiB | August 14, 2017
Author(s): Paulus Boli, Fredinan Yulianda, Ario Damar, Dedi Soedharma, Rilus Kinseng
Tags: Raja Ampat, conservation, Sasi
Description: Residents of Raja Ampat, Papua, have been practicing sasi for generations to manage local marine resources. Recognizing its importance for marine resource conservation, efforts have been made to integrate sasi into current conservation management approach. This study was carried out with 3 objectives: (1) to define and elaborate sasi; (2) to examine the benefits of sasi for conservation of marine resources; and (3) to evaluate the change of sasi in the context of conservation.
Codes of Conduct for Divers and Dive Operators in the Bird's Head Seascape 358.0 KiB | March 2, 2014
Author(s): Bird's Head Seascape
Description: Codes of Conduct for Divers and Dive Operators in the Bird's Head Seascape
Ecosystem-Based Management In The Birds Head Seascape 12.6 MiB | March 12, 2014
Author(s): Christine Huffard; Joanne Wilson; Creusa Hitipeuw; Chris Rotinsulu; Sangeeta Mangubhai
Description: Although West Papua is rich in natural resources, over 40% of people living there fall below the poverty line. Many local residents rely on coastal resources, particularly
fisheries for income and food security. Although ecosystems here are relatively healthy compared to many other areas of Southeast Asia, they are no longer pristine and the
fishery stocks of some areas are severely depleted. Furthermore, unsustainable exploitation of natural resources, poor development practices, and rapid human population
growth threaten these ecosystems and the local communities who depend on them...
Ecosystem-based management (EBM) aims to maintain healthy, productive, and resilient environments that provide humans with the ecosystem services they need today and in the future.
Emerging Threats And Challenges To Bird's Head Seascape 3.6 MiB | March 12, 2014
Author(s): Sangeeta Mangubhai; Mark Erdmann; Joanne Wilson; Christine Huffard; Ferdiel Ballamu;
Description: The Bird’s Head Seascape located in eastern Indonesia is the global epicenter of tropical shallow water marine biodiversity with over 600 species of corals and 1,638 species of coral reef fishes. The Seascape also includes critical habitats for globally threatened marine species, including sea turtles and cetaceans. Since 2001, the region has undergone rapid development in fisheries, oil and gas extraction, mining and logging. The expansion of these sectors, combined with illegal activities and poorly planned coastal development, is accelerating deterioration of coastal and marine environments. At the same time, regency governments have expanded their marine protected area networks to cover 3,594,702 ha of islands and coastal waters. Low population numbers, relatively healthy natural resources and a strong tenure system in eastern Indonesia provide an opportunity for government and local communities to collaboratively manage their resources sustainably to ensure long-term food security, while meeting their development aspirations.
Author(s): Dian Oktaviani
Description: Telah dilakukan penelitian etnozoologi dan biologi reproduksi ikan lema, Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier, 1816) yang dilakukan selama satu tahun (Maret
2011--Februari 2012) di Teluk Mayalibit Kabupaten Raja Ampat, Papua Barat. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mendapatkan rekomendasi bagi peningkatan
pengelolaan perikanan lokal yang penting di Teluk Mayalibit.
Evidence Of Fisheries Depletions And Shifting Baselines In Eastern Indonesia 349.0 KiB | March 4, 2014
Author(s): Cameron Ainsworth; Tony Pitcher; Christovel Rotinsulu
Description: We analyzed fisher interview data collected in the Raja Ampat archipelago of Eastern Indonesia to demonstrate a perceived decline in the abundance of living marine resources targeted by commercial and artisanal fisheries. The decline appeared ubiquitous among all tested species and a clear trend emerged in which older fishers recall greater past abundance than younger fishers. This provides evidence for the shifting baseline syndrome, a dangerous cognitive condition in which each generation of fishery stakeholders accepts a lower standard of resource abundance as normal.We used a fuzzy expert system to standardize and quantify the anecdotal evidence, and combine it with additional depletion indicators to produce a decadal time series of resource abundance from 1970 to present. Using governmental catch-per-unit-effort data from more recent years we hindcasted to establish an absolute scale with which to interpret the perceived decline. The interview information suggested that some exploited species may have declined by as much as an order of magnitude since 1970.
Explicitly incorporating socioeconomic criteria and data into marine protected area zoning 746.8 KiB | November 9, 2015
Author(s): Sangeeta Mangubhai, Joanne R. Wilson , Lukas Rumetna, Yohanes Maturbongs, Purwanto
Description: Addressing community needs or aspirations is critical for the success of marine protected areas (MPAs). However MPA design based on the results of systematic conservation planning tools alone does not fully represent important information on socioeconomic factors. This is because of the reliance of conservation planning tools on spatial data which is better suited to ecological rather than socioeconomic factors which are predominantly non-spatial. We present a case study from Raja Ampat in Indonesia, to
demonstrate how we developed MPA zoning plans for six multiple use MPAs that encompass more than 1 million ha of the world's most diverse coral reef ecosystems.
Generating actionable data for evidence-based conservation: The global center of marine biodiversity as a case study 926.2 KiB | August 14, 2017
Author(s): Helen E. Fox,Megan D. Barnes,Gabby N. Ahmadia, Grace Kao, Louise Glew, Kelly Haisfield, Nur Ismu Hidayat, Christine L. Huffardf, Laure Katz, Sangeeta Mangubhai, Purwanto
Description: Sufficiently rigorous monitoring and evaluation can assess the effectiveness of management actions to conserve natural resources. However, costs of monitoring can be high in relation to program budgets, so it is critical to design monitoring efforts to ensure a high return on investment. To assess the relative contribution of different monitoring strategies to yield information for management decisions, we examine the evolution of a multi-year monitoring program across several MPAs in West Papua, Indonesia.
Geographic Priorities For Marine Biodiversity Conservation In Indonesia 4.5 MiB | March 12, 2014
Author(s): C.L. Huffard, Mark V. Erdmann, Tiene Gunawan
Description: “Geographic priorities for marine biodiversity conservation in Indonesia” represents the first comprehensive review of Indonesia’s marine conservation priorities since 1984’s landmark “Indonesia Marine Conservation Data Atlas,” produced for the Indonesian Department of Nature Conservation by IUCN and WWF. With Indonesia’s international commitment to both the Coral Triangle Initiative and achieving a goal of 20 million hectares of marine protected areas by 2020, we were tasked to provide a scientifically comprehensive geographic prioritization strategy to guide these efforts. The prioritization exercise reported in this document was designed to fulfill this request.
Nest temperatures of the Piai and Sayang Islands green turtle (Chelonia mydas) rookeries, Raja Ampat Papua, Indonesia: Implications for hatchling sex ratios 276.7 KiB | April 7, 2015
Description: This study is the first comprehensive assessment of sex ratios for green sea turtles in Raja Ampat and represents the initiation of a long- term database that can be used at a local level to develop strategies that could potentially offset the impact of long-term climate change on the western Pacific green sea turtle.
Prioritas Geografi Keanekaragaman Hayati Laut Untuk Pengembangan Kawasan Konservasi Perairan Indonesia 4.5 MiB | March 12, 2014
Author(s): Christine Huffard; Mark Erdmann; Tiene Gunawan
Description: Buku “Prioritas Geografi Keanekaragaman Hayati Laut untuk Pengembangan Kawasan Konservasi Perairan di Indonesia” merupakan kajian untuk prioritas konservasi laut komprehensif yang pertama sejak diterbitkannya “Indonesia Marine Conservation Data Atlas,” oleh IUCN dan WWF untuk Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Pelestarian Alam di tahun 1984. Dengan komitmen Indonesia terhadap Coral Triangle Initiative and dalam mencapai target kawasan konservasi perairan seluas 20 juta hektar di tahun 2020, kami ditugaskan untuk melaksanakan strategi prioritisasi wilayah yang berbasis ilmiah yang komprehensif sebagai arahan upaya tersebut. Kegiatan prioritisasi dalam
dokumen ini dirancang untuk memenuhi keperluan ini.
Author(s): Edy Setyawan1,2,3,*, Abraham B. Sianipar4, Mark V. Erdmann5, Andrew M. Fischer1, James A. Haddy1, Calvin S. Beale6, Sarah A. Lewis2,3,6, Ronald Mambrasar4
Description: Though extremely valuable to the local marine tourism industry, there is a dearth of published information
on the ecology and population dynamics of reef manta rays (Mobula alfredi) in Raja Ampat, West Papua, Indonesia. Knowledge of the movement ecology in particular of this large and scattered population is urgently needed to better manage the rapidly expanding manta-focused tourism. Here we report the results of an initial passive acoustic telemetry study designed to provide local managers with the first detailed knowledge of the site use and movement patterns of reef mantas in northern Raja Ampat.
Spatial Ecology And Conservation Of Manta Birostris 785.0 KiB | April 19, 2017
Author(s): J. D. Stewart, C.S. Beale, D. Fernando, A. b. Sianipar, R. S. Burton, B. X. Semmens, C. Aburto-Oropeza
Description: Information on the movements and population connectivity of the oceanic manta ray (Manta birostris) is scarce. The species has been anecdotally classified as a highlymigratory species based on the pelagic habitats it often occupies, and migratory behavior exhibited by similar species. As a result, in the absence of ecological data, population declines in oceanic manta have been addressed primarily with international-scale management and conservation efforts. Using a combination of satellite telemetry, stable isotope and genetic analyses we demonstrate that, contrary to previous assumptions, the species appears to exhibit restricted movements and fine scale population structure.
Status of sea turtle populations and conservation in the BHS 429.6 KiB | January 9, 2017
Author(s): Ricardo Tapilatu, Hengki Wona, Petrus Batubara
Description: Bird’s Head Seascape region in the northwest of Papua contains the world’s highest marine biodiversity. The area is a unique site which contains a full range of marine and coastal habitats that are important for the breeding, foraging and migration of several species of sea turtles. This survey aimed to characterize critical habitats that are in use by sea turtles across Yapen, Wondama, Manokwari and Kaimana at Bird’s Head Seascape and to assess existing and potential threats to both habitats and population.
Status of sea turtle populations and its conservation at Bird’s Head Seascape, Western Papua, Indonesia 429.6 KiB | July 11, 2017
Author(s): Ricardo Tapilatu, Hengki Wona, Petrus Batubara
Description: Bird’s Head Seascape region in the northwest of Papua contains the world’s highest marine biodiversity. The area is a unique site which contains a full range of marine and coastal habitats that are important for the breeding, foraging and migration of several species of sea turtles. This survey aimed to characterize critical habitats that are in use by sea turtles across Yapen, Wondama, Manokwari and Kaimana at Bird’s Head Seascape and to assess existing and potential threats to both habitats and population.
The Seascapes Approach 5.1 MiB | June 4, 2014
Author(s): Sebastian Troeng; Peter Bryant; Guilherme Dutra; Mark Erdmann; Ginny Farmer; Scott Henderson; Keith Lawrence; Frazer McGilvray; Jonas Rupp; Romeo Trono
Description: By 2000 it was clear that some of the most outstanding marine regions in the world were under siege, facing rapid degradation and ecosystem collapse. Just as clear was the fact that old approaches were not going to save them. Conservation International developed the Seascapes Approach to stem the decline in ocean health in some of the most outstanding marine regions of the world, and to demonstrate that transforming the management of large ocean areas to benefit people and ecosystems is possible.
West Papua Declared Conservation Province 157.2 KiB | August 14, 2017
Author(s): Ketut Sarjana Putra
Tags: conservation, West Papua, development
Description: West Papua has been declared a conservation province, setting a pathway for sustainable development